Understanding Pre-Diabetes: Risk Factors, Symptoms, And Prevention

One of the most concerning health conditions on the rise in today’s fast-paced world is the onset of pre-diabetes – a warning sign that is an opportunity to make lifestyle changes that prevent its progression to type 2 diabetes. 

As unhealthy eating patterns and a sedentary lifestyle prevail, it is important to note that Pre-diabetes is a manageable health concern with a nutritious diet, work-life balance, and regular physical activity. 

What is Pre-diabetes?

Pre-diabetes often doesn’t exhibit noticeable changes or symptoms, as it is characterized by higher than normal blood sugar but not enough to be classified as type 2 diabetes. 

Risk factors

Here are a few primary risk factors that lead to the development of Pre-diabetes:

  • Being overweight or obese

Having excess visceral fat or being overweight, especially around one’s waistline can lead to high blood sugar levels. 

Larger waist size can also indicate insulin resistance or poor insulin sensitivity. 

  • Genetics

Having a parent, sister, or brother with type 2 diabetes or having a family history of this condition can be a contributing factor. Research indicates that there continues to be a strong link between gestational diabetes and type 2 diabetes. 

  • A sedentary lifestyle

Being active less than 3 times a week or spending the majority of your time sitting without some physical exercise can be damaging to your overall health. 

The less active you are, the greater your risk of developing prediabetes.

  • Polycystic ovary syndrome

Women with this metabolic syndrome or disorder experience excess hair growth, erratic menstrual cycles, obesity, and a higher risk of prediabetes.

Symptoms of a Diabetic Seizure

Pre-diabetes usually doesn’t have any visible symptoms for immediate diagnosis. 

One possible sign can be darkened areas around the neck, armpits, or groin. 

Classic signs that suggest one may have moved toward the onset of type 2 diabetes include:

  • Increased urination and thirst
  • Increased appetite
  • Fatigue and tingling in hands/feet
  • Slow-healing sores
  • Unintended weight loss/gain

A regular health checkup or blood sugar screening can help detect risk factors and subsequent treatment. 

Primary Prevention for Diabetes

Healthy lifestyle choices go a long way in preventing the onset of pre-diabetes or its progression to type 2 diabetes.

These include:

  • Losing excess weight, especially around your waistline
  • Getting active or beginning with a low-to-moderate intensity workout regime.
  • A diet rich in whole grains, lean protein, and fruits while limiting sugary or processed foods.
  • Managing triglyceride levels and blood pressure.
  • Quitting smoking can help with blood pressure and high stress.


Making conscious and mindful choices to live a healthier life with professional guidance can help turn the tide against the onset of pre-diabetes.  

As a chronic condition affecting millions worldwide, pre-diabetes is reversible with key lifestyle practices that help maintain healthy blood sugar.

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